Bone Grafting

When you lose teeth, there are many issues that arise. Replacing your teeth is essential for restoring the functions of your missing teeth and your quality of life. One of the most popular options for replacing missing teeth is dental implants. This treatment uses small titanium posts that are surgically placed into your jawbone. These posts essentially become replacement roots that are used to support your new teeth.

While implants can be used in many different situations, they rely on your jawbone for support. If your jawbone does not have enough bone mass, your implants may not integrate properly into your jaw. At Karl Zeren DDS, we can restore missing bone mass, and improve the success of dental implants, with bone grafting.

Your Teeth And Your Jawbone

Your teeth play many important roles in your mouth. One of the biggest roles they play is in eating. The teeth are responsible for biting and chewing your food, breaking it down so that your body can absorb the nutrients. Your teeth aid in proper, effective speech, controlling airflow and providing a surface for your tongue to hit. The teeth also play a crucial role in the quality of your smile.

One of the lesser known roles of your teeth is the role they play in the health of your jawbone. When you chew, the teeth stimulate the bone, which tells the body to send essential nutrients. Following tooth loss, all of the functions of your teeth are affected. After tooth loss, your jawbone loses stimulation from those teeth. Because of this, your body begins sending fewer nutrients. Over time, you lose bone mass in your jaw, and the bone weakens. It begins to change shape, which alters the shape of your jaw and your face.

The Importance Of Bone Mass For Dental Implants

Dental implants are surgically placed within your jawbone. The success of your treatment depends significantly upon the fusion of your bone to the posts, a natural process called osseointegration. This process stabilizes the posts within your jaw so that they can provide secure support for your replacement teeth. If your bone is too weak, it cannot fuse properly to the posts. This compromises the success of your treatment.

Bone Grafting

Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that is often recommended if your jawbone is too weak initially to support dental implants. This procedure involves transplanting bone mass to the weakened areas of your jaw. This bone mass may be harvested from another area of your own body or taken from a tissue bank. As you heal from surgery, your existing bone mass fuses to the graft material, restoring strength to your jaw. Once you have fully healed from your bone graft, the process for placing dental implants can begin.

Types Of Bone Grafts

There are a few different types of bone grafts that may be performed. Your options are discussed during your consultation. Types of bone grafts include


Autografts. An autograft involves harvesting bone mass from your own body. Common places bone mass is harvested from include the hip and the tibia. While an additional surgical site is needed, there is no worrying about rejection or disease transmission because we are using your bone tissue.


Allografts. An allograft involves the use of human bone tissue taken from a tissue bank. Because we do not use your bone tissue, you avoid the need for an additional surgical site. The bone is thoroughly screened before use to ensure safety and reduce the risk of complications.


Xenografts. A xenograft uses bone mass harvested from a non-human source, typically a cow. Like an allograft, you avoid the need for an additional surgical site. The bone is processed at very high temperatures to ensure that it is safe for use. This type of graft is often recommended when larger amounts of bone mass are needed.

With bone grafting, we can help to restore missing bone mass, increasing the success of dental implants. For more information, and to schedule your consultation, call Karl Zeren DDS at (410) 252-0871 today.

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